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Botanical name - Ribes una-crispa
Planting & fertilising - plant from June to October. Dig plenty of organic matter, animal manure or commercial fertiliser into the soil before planting. Space canes approximately 40cm apart and 8cm deep with their roots spread out. Firm soil around each cane and water in. Trim cane to 30cm after planting to prevent cane fruiting early. Allow 1.5 metres between rows.
Pruning & trellising - these free-standing bushes should be trained into the shape of a wide mouthed teacup. The centre of the bush needs to be kept open to allow access for picking and penetration of light. The mature bush stands about 1m high and from 1-1.25m in diameter at the top. For the first two years, prune to shape, cutting new growth back about half way. Then reduce stronger branches by half and weaker ones by two thirds. The bush tends to grow down at the edges, so once a good framework is established, counteract this tendency by pruning to the upward pointing bud. Fruit develops on both second and third year wood and some continues to be carried on much older wood. Remove any suckers which develop from the base of the plant a and remember to keep the centre open. Chose a thornless variety if you can otherwise thick gloves are a necessity when pruning or picking . A rubber glove can be worn on the picking hand and a thick leather glove on the hand holding the branches.
Pests - aphids, leafhoppers and beetles can be controlled with appropriate spray.
Disease - grey mould affects soft fruits. Berries with this grey covering invariably rot. During flowering time spray with appropriate fungicide. Repeat every two weeks.